The Film Trilogy / Daniel Canogar

Presented by Montalvo Arts Center

The Silicon Valley—and, more broadly, the California Bay Area—has a rich and underexplored history of technological innovation, one that has driven transformations within the film industry from its first days. As early as 1872, Eadweard Muybridge’s photographic experiments under the patronage of railroad tycoon and former California governor Leland Stanford led to the invention of the zoopraxiscope, a method of projecting photographic frames in rapid succession to create short animated sequences. This breakthrough device paved the way for subsequent key developments in motion picture projection. Many of the earliest movie studios were built around the Bay Area. The largest and most famous was Essanay Studios, located in the town of Niles, which produced several films in Los Gatos in 1910-11. Iconic silent film actors Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford were among the many notable guests who visited Senator James Duval Phelan at Montalvo. Legendary Hollywood actresses Joan Fontaine and Olivia de Havilland’s earliest performances took place at the estate in the 1930s, under the direction of their mother Lilian Fontaine, director of the Los Gatos Theater Workshop and an acclaimed actress in her own right. Today, the Bay Area film industry consists primarily of animation studios. Companies such as Pixar and Lucasfilm have merged art with innovation in computer technology to revolutionize animation, special effects, and sound. This legacy of cinematic invention and Silicon Valley’s broader tradition of fast-paced innovation have served as inspiration for Madrid/Montreal based artist Daniel Canogar. For his exhibition The Film Trilogy, the artist will showcase three multi-media installations in Montalvo Art Center’s Project Space Gallery in which he appropriates and repurposes obsolete cinematic technology. For Spin, Canogar reclaims one hundred discarded DVDs and uses their mirrored surfaces as a screen to project copied content, while combining the disc’s diverse soundtracks to create an immersive acoustic experience. In a related work, Tracks, the artist projects video animation over an environment constructed from VHS videotape. Flicker, another piece on view in the exhibition, is a projection over 35mm celluloid film. The source material for each projection incorporates elements from the history of cinema in the region, particularly the era of silent films and contemporary developments in animation and special effects. With its exploration of the accelerated speed of technological innovation, and our conditioned response to cast off old technologies in favor of new inventions, The Film Trilogy extends ZERO1’s examination of the relationship between art, technology, and place.

Created by Daniel Canogar with artistic engineering by Diego Mellado.

Artist Talk and Reception: October 12th at 6:30pm. More info:

July 29 - October 14, 2012
Open Thursday through Sunday
11:00 am - 3:00 pm
Admission is free
Artist Talk and Reception:
October 12, 6:30pm - 8:30pm

Daniel Canogar

lives and works in Madrid, Spain

Artist website


Daniel Canogar is a multidisciplinary artist who works primarily in photography, video, sculpture, and installation. He earned a master’s degree in photography from New York University and the International Center for Photography in 1990.  Canogar has received several commissions to produce large-scale public art works, including: Travesías, an LED sculptural screen created for the atrium of the European Union Council in Brussels in conjunction with the Spanish Presidency of the European Union in 2010; Constellations, the largest photo-mosaic in Europe created for two new pedestrian bridges in the Parque MRio, Madrid; Nodi, two permanent photographic murals in the Arensa Train Station in Naples; and Clandestinos, video projections on emblematic public monuments including Arcos de Lapa in Rio de Janeiro, Puerta de Alcalá in Madrid, and the façade of the San Pietro in Montorio Church in Rome.